Summarizing is a longer version of what the person has said. Just as with reflections, the interviewer chooses to emphasize certain things that they would like to highlight, for example, abilities in the other person, or how important it can be for the person to make a change. Remember that both the importance of change and trust the person feel are the two key elements of what we call motivation in MI. Summaries are made from time to time as a recap of what the person has said or when the interviewer believes that the topic of conversation is exhausted. The leader then summarizes and asks a new open-ended question about the new subject.

Examples of summaries that you can do as discussion leaders:

"You are in a very difficult situation. You told me about your situation and how the workload has escalated lately. This makes you stressed, scared and worried. At the same time, you have mixed feelings about how to proceed. We also talked about why it is normal to consider the pros and cons of a change. And now we come to the conclusion that you want to make a change in your work situation and that we meet next week. Is it true?"

Today’s task
Today you’ll practice making summaries. You can do your work or you can practice how to summarize a meeting or even a conversation with a friend or acquaintance. Summaries are an effective way to reconcile so that everyone involved shares the same picture of what has been said.